What is an Electric Vehicle?

An electric vehicle (EV) is any vehicle that gets some or all of the power it needs to move from electrical energy. They use electric motors for power and almost all of them store electrical energy in batteries. An EV needs electrical energy that can be supplied from a plug in the wall, from an electrical generator located on-board the EV, or from an EVSE (a “charging station”). Benefits: - EVs will cost less than gasoline-powered cars to buy and operate on a day to day basis. - EVs are better for the environment (zero emissions). - EVs have far fewer moving parts than gasoline-powered cars, meaning less manufacturing cost and less maintenance cost. - EVs are much more efficient than gasoline-powered cars, so they waste less energy. More efficient vehicles will mean lower energy costs. Common types of electric vehicles: - Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV): Typical hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), like the Toyota Prius, have an internal combustion engine that runs off gasoline, an electrical motor, and additional batteries to power the vehicle in low demand periods. HEVs typically offer fuel efficiency of about 50 miles per gallon. The electric motor usually propels an HEV when the car is idle or moving at low speeds and also uses its energy when the car is travelling at a steady rate without large energy demand. - Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV): A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle is similar to an HEV, except it has a larger battery system that can store more electricity. In addition to regenerative breaking, PHEVs also receive electricity from the utility grid and can be charged when not in use (most commonly overnight). A PHEV potentially achieves fuel efficiency of 100-150 miles per gallon and may provide all-electric operation for limited ranges and at low speeds. - Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV): A battery electric vehicle (BEV) is powered purely by electricity. Using only an electric motor, a BEV uses electricity stored in numerous batteries within the vehicle as its main power source. These vehicles will need to be plugged into an electrical power source when the car is not in use to recharge its batteries. The typical range of an electric vehicle is currently 100- 150 miles, though this is expected to improve in the coming years with advances in battery technologies. A Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) is also referred to as an all-electric vehicle. Electric vehicles give consumers a new option, while still offering high levels of mobility, vehicle performance, reliability, and safety. Also, electric vehicles help increase energy security, improve fuel economy, lower fuel costs, and reduce emissions. Call us at 787-243-2340 and learn more about the cost benefits of driving electric!